Section A: Learning Outcome 1 (LO 1)
Understand what is meant by diversity, equality, and inclusion in music education
Learning activity 1 – relating to learning outcome (LO 1): MODEL ANSWER
The concept of DIVERSITY encompasses acceptance and respect. It means understanding that each individual is unique and recognising our individual differences. These can be along the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs or other ideologies. It is the exploration of these differences in a safe, positive and nurturing environment. It is about understanding each other and moving beyond simple tolerance to embracing and celebrating the rich dimensions of DIVERSITY contained within each individual.
INCLUSION in education is a pairing of philosophy and pedagogical practices that allow each student to feel respected, confident and safe so he or she can learn and develop to his or her full potential. It is based on a system of values and beliefs centred on the best interests of the student, which promotes social cohesion, belonging, active participation in learning, a complete school experience and positive interactions with peers and others in the school community. These values and beliefs will be shared by schools and communities. INCLUSIVE education is put into practice within school communities that value diversity and nurture the well-being and quality of learning of each of their members. INCLUSIVE education is carried out through a range of public and community programmes and services available to all students. INCLUSION in education is the foundation for ensuring an inclusive society.
EQUALITY in education means that personal or social circumstances such as gender, ethnic origin or family background are not obstacles to achieving educational potential and that all individuals reach at least a basic minimum level of skills.
The Equality Act of 2010 identifies seven different types of DISCRIMINATION. In education, DISCRIMINATION means treating one individual differently to another and in the context of music education, it may, for example, mean allowing one learner access to particular music-making opportunities but denying that access to another.